When Gordon Moore predicted in 1965 that the number of transistors in interconnected circuits would double every two years, he did not imagine that this would have exponential growth, could reach a point where there would be no more way to reduce the size of a transistor to processing.
This means that with traditional computing, we will not be able to process the profusion of data being produced.
But do not worry! The solution to this problem may lie in quantum computing. With the development of quantum computing, we will have an exponential increase in processing speed, which will change the paradigm of information technology.
Want to understand more about quantum computing and what this new standard promises for the near future? Keep reading!
What is quantum computing?
Quantum computing is a processing model that relies on the peculiar ability of subatomic particles to exist in more than one state at any given time.
This ability to take on different states simultaneously reduces the amount of energy required to make operations much more complex than it would be on a conventional computer.
Function of quantum computing
The main reason that makes quantum computing potentiate processing power over the current model is the quantum bits, known as qubits.
While normal computers use the bit pattern – 0 and 1, yes and no, on and off – in quantum computing, thanks to the ability of a particle to be in more than one state simultaneously, the qubits can be 0 and 1 at the same time.
Thus, two qubits can take four distinct forms. Three qubits come to eight. And so on, with capacity doubling every qubit increase.
However, it is this scalability and multiplicity of states of a particle that makes processing power much higher than in “normal” hardware.
What is the future of quantum computing?
The launch of quantum computing on the market is still uncertain because the particles are very fragile and sensitive to electromagnetic changes or vibrations, which can disrupt the computer’s quantum capacity.
In addition, the chips need to be kept at a temperature close to absolute zero to work.
Development of quantum computers
The Canadian company D-Wave has positioned itself as the pioneer in the development of a quantum computer, creating a model that aims to accelerate processing with processors under sub-zero temperatures.
However, many experts do not consider the model created by D-Wave as a quantum computer because it does not use the phenomena of quantum physics directly in the processing activity.
Because it is an experimental model, D-Wave’s quantum computer has not yet been able to reach much higher capacity than conventional supercomputers already on the market.
Also, technology giants like Google and IBM are working hard to produce a business model. When they are released, probably as cloud services, they will be machines that can make calculations that current computers would take thousands of years to make.
As a result, this ultra-speed will bring a new level to information technology, with the enhancement of artificial intelligence and Machine Learning.
The predictive analytics will become increasingly refined. It will certainly also change the paradigms of science, with the possibility of accelerating studies in the most varied segments, among which the healthy ones.
Impact on current cryptographic models
Consequently, with quantum computing, the cryptographies that ensure all current protection services on the internet – banking, business, personal, government, etc. data. – they will be vulnerable.
A quantum computer will have the ability to test all possible codes in minutes. In this way, it will be up to the technology giants to create kickbacks so as not to be supplanted by those interested in using the computational model for criminal practices.
We hope you have learned, with this post, a bit more about quantum computing although there is no forecast for its launch, as it is an extremely promising technology and all its evolutions must be monitored closely, especially by IT professionals.
So, what do you expect from this new computing model for the near future? Give your opinion in the comments below.